1920). Barrel mustards (and other broad mouth foods bottles & jars usually) have been a lot of the earliest kinds that transitioned in the cork to Several other finish as corks are an ever more unreliable sealing closure given that the bottle bore results in being greater. This seems for being so because the surface space versus the cork raises permitting a lot more opportunity for the cork not to match perfectly (Lief 1965). Apparently sufficient, the 1920 Illinois Glass Enterprise catalog mentioned that their barrel mustard fashion could "...only be sold on and west with the Mississippi River." Why? Some kind of agreement with opponents?
Mouth-blown examples with J D S on The bottom date from no previously than about 1878 and as late since the early to mid 1910s.
S. Protection of all the kinds is unattainable, needless to say, though the following includes some additional photographs/specifics of other kinds of sq. and rectangular pickle/preserved food stuff bottles to indicate several of that extra assortment:
The normal machine-manufactured (push-and-blow) "prevalent sense" milk bottle towards the left (also while in the higher still left corner of the area) is a really typical illustration and that is embossed with A single QUART horizontally higher than a circular plate. Within the plate it really is embossed with HOLLIDAY DAIRY / PHONE / 501 / KLAMATH FALLS, ORE. This particular bottle does have some fancier vertical embossed bars or "flutes" within the higher neck underneath the finish. These style of bars were being normally molded on milk bottles to assist buyers with gripping the bottle even though it also provided a fascinating decorative aspect (Lamb Glass Co.
The Nearly identical, ringed neck, vertically ribbed/fluted sauce bottle into the remaining is embossed over the shoulder with WELLS, MILLER & PROVOST which was An effective New York City food packing firm founded in 1837 by John Wells. (Photo courtesy of Glass Performs Auctions.) Ebenezer Miller and Stephen Provost joined with Miller by 1844 and operated under their a few names right until the mid-1880s (Zumwalt 1980). This particular bottle provides a crudely applied one-section extract form end (more or less), blowpipe pontil scarred foundation, and was hinge mildew blown with absolutely no evidence of mould air venting (the creator has never noticed a pontil scarred, mould air vented bottle).
CHACE & DUNCAN / N. Y. - This uniquely shaped sauce bottle was employed by Chace & Duncan - New York City "sauce" producers in business collectively in between about 1877 and 1886 (Zumwalt 1980). It really is embossed Along with the noted lettering on one particular close on the fairly uniquely formed "barrel" human body.
Yet another relatively early identifiable milk bottle type is illustrated from the product pictured to the best. This smaller, 50 % pint milk (probable product) bottle is embossed on The bottom with EMPIRE / PATENTED AUG. thirteen, 01. Click on Empire foundation to perspective the noted embossing. This mouth-blown bottle has a tooled, "capseat" accepting, a person-aspect "milk bottle" finish (simply click near-up in the shoulder, neck and finish to find out these While using the critical characteristics identified) and was blown in a cup-base mold. It also demonstrates no obvious proof of air venting and that is uncommon for your era it had been made, i.e., 1901 to maybe the early 1910s. This specific structure Using the distinctive inward taper in the heel - identified as a "bowling pin" form by collectors (the much larger sizes additional resemble a bowling pin) - was patented by Charles Nightingale and assigned to your Empire Bottle and provide Business (The big apple, NY) about the day famous on The bottom.
Barrel mustards are typified via the rather uniform styles demonstrated in this article. In addition to the molded rings and cylindrical condition, these bottles have reasonably vast bores (1" or even more) for simple products accessibility, normally a distinct pedestal heel/base, a slim banded just one element finish, and also a physique that distinctly bulges outwards in the middle with the two the end and foundation remaining narrower in diameter. Glass makers catalogs, such as the Illinois Glass Company, referred to those bottles as "barrel mustards" and made available them measurements ranging from three oz. to a quart nevertheless the most commonly encountered sizing appears to be all-around six-eight ounces (Illinois Glass Co. 1903,1906,1911; empirical observations). By 1920, the barrel mustards have been staying provided with screw thread finishes (with the "American Metal Cap") because of the Illinois Glass Company and cork end examples had been apparently now not accessible (Illinois Glass Co.
These producing linked diagnostic features indicate a late mouth-blown manufacture of amongst about 1900 and 1915, nevertheless no information on the business itself is on the market to check that estimate against. Click on foundation watch to view such which shows an embossed mould selection (742) of no significant utility these days. American glass makers also referred to jars shaped such as this as "English pickle" bottles (Flaccus late 1890s; Illinois Glass Co. 1903).
The sauce/condiment bottle styles described within the preceding sections address a number of the commonest designs and types for these products and solutions. However, sauces have been packaged in the big selection of extra designs during the time period coated by this website, i.e., the nineteenth through mid-twentieth centuries. Check with Betty Zumwalt's quite informative 1980 reserve Ketchup, Pickles, Sauces - nineteenth Century Food in Glass To find out more on the topic and images of some of this range. (Note: This reserve is still available new and utilized at resources like Amazon.com™, eBay®, AbeBooks.
This style first appears to have appeared as being a late mouth-blown item Even though equipment-built examples are considerably more generally encountered and likely initially transpired about 1905. This extensive mouth design and style is a sort most effortlessly adapted to the new semi-automatic equipment which were starting to be more and more prevalent from the early 1900s (Illinois Glass Co. 1903, 1906). The footed olive appears to obtain ongoing into a minimum of the early 1930s, however appear to be unusual after that time as other extra straight, uninterrupted sided (without any shoulder constriction ridge) types became additional well-liked (Fairmount Glass ca. 1930; Lucas County Bottle Co. ca. nineteen forties). The pictured illustration is machine-made and has a slight "straw" tint indicating that selenium and/or arsenic was utilised since the glass decolorizer.
Yet again it need to be said which the classification of bottles lined on this webpage (Meals bottles & Fruit/Canning jars) is incredibly big and diverse. Like most of the bottle "typing" (typology) webpages connected to the principle Bottle Typing/Diagnostic Designs web site, this web site just scratched the surface area regarding the total variety of such bottle sorts. It does, having said that, cover the first designs which were most often used and encountered inside an archaeological context. This webpage has also relatively emphasized mouth-blown bottles since that issue is of much more familiarity for the creator of this website than afterwards 20th century, device-produced things.
Other pictures of barrel and non-barrel mustard bottles are available by clicking on the next one-way links. This can help present a certain amount of the diversity of shape present in these bottles:
How did the side mould seams vanish and why the horizontal seam to the end? The short reply is the fact that these bottles had been all created by press-and-blow equipment which simply just leave driving site here these distinctive characteristics as well as a valve/ejection mark on The bottom.